In the northeastern province of Khorasan lies Mashhad, Iran’s holiest city. A center of pilgrimage and religious learning, Iran’s second most populous city and it is home to roughly 3,000,000 inhabitants. An historically important transit city along the Silk Road, Mashhad, which literally means ‘place of martyrdom’, is most famous for accommodating the tomb of Imam Reza, the 8th Shia Imam, the city holds many other delights. Mashhad is a multiethnic city that includes Persians, Baluchis, Daris, Hazrajatis, Turkmen, Uzbeks, Tajiks, Kurds, and Lurs among its residents. The dominant ethnic groups are Persians, followed by Turkmen, and Kurds..
Holy city of Mashhad is famous for its Shishlik. Shishlik means skewered lamb Chop and serve in five to six pieces. In Persian the word “Shish” means six, and “Lik” refers to ribs.It is very well-known kebab specially in central Asia and Europe. In Iran it is served in large parts of lamb and grilled pepper and tomato.
Shole is a traditional dish in Mashhad, Khorasan Razavi. Shole is a very nutritious meal, and the cooking process takes much time. It is served with stew. The ingredients are mutton, pinto bean, white bean, mung bean, pea, lentil, wheat, broken rice, salt, black and red pepper, cloves, ginger, nutmeg, and cinnamon. The more amounts of mutton use, the tastier it is.
Broken Wheat Ash
Broken Wheat Ash is one of the traditional dishes in Nishapur (Neyshabur), Khorasan Razavi. The people have a keen interest in this meal and cook it as votive food in special ceremonies. The ingredients are broken wheat, pea, kidney bean, fava bean, lentil, eggplant, tomato, onion, leek, parsley, coriander, dill, oil, salt, and pepper.
Fenugreek and Cumin Ash
This food is beneficial for controlling both blood sugar and blood lipid. It is also a good remedy for obesity and diabetes. To cook this delicious Ash, ingredients such as rice, fenugreek, black cumin, turmeric, and salt are needed. Some dried plum can be added to make it tastier, and you can use sugar instead of salt, due to your taste.
It is a kind of Ash which is made with millet in Gonabad. The main ingredients are minced meat, lentil, millet, fried onion, mint powder, turmeric, and salty curd. This meal is cooked mostly in winter.
Joosh Pare Ash
Enjoy cooking another traditional dish of Gonabad by putting some ingredients like lentil, sesame, pistachio or almond, dried apricot, poppy and spices in small dough pieces and cook them in boiling water. This meal is served with some salty curd as the sauce.
This food also comes from Gonabad. Lakhshak is thin and rather square shaped pieces of dried dough. Other ingredients are lentil, leek, spinach, and again salty curd as the sauce.
Digche is a kind of dessert that people in Mashhad cooked in their religious ceremony. It is also a good choice for Iftar time in Ramadan. Digche is made of rice, milk, sugar, butter, cardamom, rosewater, and saffron.
Another traditional and tasty dishes of Mashhad is Satry polo that is made of rice, meat ball, raisin, carrot, and saffron and it is topped with dried barberry.
This yummy dish is a traditional food of Bojnurd, Khorasan Razavi. The main ingredients are salty curd, vegetables like leek, parsley, tarragon, licorice, and onion, walnut, dried mint powder, animal oil, and turmeric. This meal is served with bread.
Imam Reza shrine
The Imam Reza Shrine Complex, known as the Haram-e Razavi, is the largest religious shrine of Iran. Actually, this is a shrine for Islam’s eighth Shia Imam that attracts millions of pilgrims annually. It enjoys seven massive courtyards, and a total area of nearly 600,000 square meters, by some measures it is the largest mosque in the world. It’s a good place to visit Muslims ritual.
blue tile work and Arabic calligraphy are virtually omnipresent across the numerous ivans and minarets, and an impressive golden dome stands centrally above the shrine itself.
You will hear this sentence slot there, "Eltemas Doa" which means keep me in your prayer.
Astan Ghods Razavi museums (shrine Complex museums)
he numerous museums contained within the shrine complex house a curious mixture of exhibits, and consists of two halls on one floor, with an area of about 1300 square meters, which was decorated and equipped by the "French company Janssen". various objects such as carpets, dishes, weapons, stamp collections, medals won by Shia athletes, architectural components of the holy shrine like Lighting equipment, altars and doors of the shrine are displayed in it. The carpet section has some stunning pieces, but the most fascinating item is the previous tomb encasement (known as ‘Zarih’) which was replaced in 2001. If you are keen to know more about the history of the shrine, seek out the ‘Foreign Pilgrims Assistance Office’ where friendly employees will provide you with some free literature on the topic.
Tomb of Ferdowsi, Tus
The tomb of a very prominent poet of Iran who created his masterpiece "Shahnameh" (or the bool of king) one of the largest epic poems in the world. The stone-made tomb and Ferdowsi's sculpture shrine like a precious gemstone in the middle of the huge garden.
Tomb of Omar Khayyam
The quatrains of the 12th-century astronomer-poet Omar Khayyam are perhaps Khorasan’s most famous export around the globe. Popularized by Edward Fitzgerald’s 19th-century translation, Khayyam is beloved for his pithy musings on life, death, and love. The present-day mausoleum is another unique modernist structure, built in 1963. Located in Nishapur (Neyshabur), just over an hour outside of Mashhad, the town also houses the tomb of Attar, a Persian Sufi poet, for those wanting to tick off every box on the poetry tour.
Boq’eh-ye Khajeh Rabi
The Boq’eh-ye Khajeh Rabi is an ornate mausoleum for one of the apostles of the Prophet Mohammad, located in northeast Mashhad, just off Khajeh rab Street. Completed in 1612, and touched up in the Qajar era, the tomb features familiar Iranian blue tile work, delicate floral motifs, and a pleasingly symmetrical central dome. It is surrounded by a large cemetery, where wealthy Iranians can still purchase a burial plot.
After all walking around the city, you will definitely need a lunch break, so head to Koohsangi park for a sit down. Enjoy the cool vibe of coffee shops, picturesque mountains as well as a beautiful lake there.
Mashhad is the saffron-center of the world, and you won’t get a better deal anywhere where else than in the bazaars around Falakeh Ab square. The spice, which is gram-for-gram more expensive than gold, makes for an excellent souvenir or present. Mashhad carpets are also particularly revered, so be prepared to haggle your way to a good price. Pilgrimage memorabilia lines the streets too, having your portrait superimposed in front of the Imam’s shrine is an especially quirky crowd favorite.
If you want to explore one of the unique communities that still practice such an authentically traditional way of life visit Kang village, it is often hard to access by public transport, but worth the effort of hiring a private taxi. It is Filled with mud-brick houses, stacked along the foothills of the mountains.
The three-thousand-year-old village enjoys the historic Kang cemetery, which has been nationally registered, the TighMian peak, the Hesar castle, Kang waterfall, the hiking trail and the nature of tiny and large rivers.
Start your day by exploring the Imam Reza shrine which is the main attraction of Mashhad, then wander around the outside of shrine which is worth to see, actually it enjoys a very well-known mosque with stunning tile works. Visit Mashhad bazaar to watch out its stunning architecture and also buy some precious souvenirs like saffron.
To have a break, head to Koohsangi park. Enjoy your time with its breathtaking view and fresh air.
The next day discover Stair-like village which is named Kang village. The architecture of the village is similar to the Masouleh village (the roof of one house is the yard of the other), it really worth to visit. After visiting the amazing kang village it is time to try the most popular dishes of Mashhad؛Shishlik, in Eram Shandiz restaurant.
Don't forget to visit tomb of famous Persian poets specially tomb of Ferdowsi who is one of the most prominent poets of Iran and is celebrated as one of the most influential figures in Persian literature and one of the greatest in the history of literature.
In Mashhad, the summers are hot, arid, and clear and the winters are very cold, dry, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 28°F to 94°F and is rarely below 18°F or above 100°F.The city only sees about 250 millimeters (9.8 inches) of precipitation per year, some of which occasionally falls in the form of snow.
January is the coldest month, with an average high-temperature of 7.1°C (44.8°F) and an average low-temperature of -3.8°C (25.2°F) and
In spring, the weather is moderate.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Mashhad for hot-weather activities is from mid-June to late August.
Mashhad is the saffron-center of the world (red gold), and you won’t get a better deal anywhere where else than in the bazaars around Falakeh Ab square. The spice, which is gram-for-gram more expensive than gold, makes for an excellent souvenir or present. Mashhad carpets are also particularly revered, so be prepared to haggle your way to a good price. Nuts, perfumery, jelly bean, turquoise and precious jewel, sweets and candies and leather are other amazing souvenirs of Mashhad.
Armitaj Golshan Tower
Iran Kala Shopping Center
Arman Shopping Center
Alton Shopping Center
Morvarid Shopping Center
Ghadir Shopping Center'
Versige Shopping Center
Marmar Shopping Center
Proma Shopping Mall
Aseman Shopping Center
Pazh Shopping Center
Sharestan Shopping Center
Vesal Shopping Center
Vilaj Tourist Shopping Center
The 1000m-long covered bazaar is an old and famous bazaar in Mashhad city, located on the eastern side of Razavi Holy shrine. It is designed to look semitraditional but is a 20th-century creation. It is a hive of activity all the time as all pilgrims and tourist head to this bazaar after visiting the holy shrine. It has two main entrance, two stories and is made up of six separated bazaars, connected to each other through several corridors. Shops within sell a wide variety of products however, the second floor of Bazaar contains numerous shops proffering turquoise, stone, gold, embroidery, handicrafts.
Sayyid Ali Hosseini Khamenei, a Marja and the second and current Supreme Leader of Iran
(born 19 April 1939) is a Twelver Shia Marja' and the second and current supreme leader of Iran, in office since 1989. He was previously President of Iran from 1981 to 1989. Khamenei is the longest serving head of state in the Middle East, as well as the second-longest serving Iranian leader of the last century.
Abul-Qâsem Ferdowsi Tusi (between 1019 and 1026), or just Ferdowsi was a Persian poet and the author of Shahnameh ("Book of Kings"), which is one of the world's longest epic poems created by a single poet, and the national epic of Greater Iran. Ferdowsi is celebrated as one of the most influential figures in Persian literature and one of the greatest in the history of literature.
(23 September 1940 – 8 October 2020)
He was an Iranian vocalist and master (Ostad) of Persian traditional music. He is widely considered as one of the greatest Iranian artists of all time. Shajarian was also known for his skills in Persian calligraphy and humanitarian activities.He received the Picasso Award, UNESCO Mozart Medal and National Order of Merit (France).
Shaykh Tusi was a prominent Persian scholar of the Twelver school of Shia Islam. He became known as "Sheikh of the Sect (Shaikh al-Ta'ifah)," authored two of the four main Shi'i books of hadith, Tahdhib al-Ahkam and al-Istibsar, and is believed to have founded the Najaf Hawza. He also counts as the founder of Shia jurisprudence.
Mehdi Akhavan-Sales, or Akhavan-Sales (March 1, 1929 in Mashhad, Iran – August 26, 1990 in Tehran, Iran), was a prominent Iranian poet. He is one of the pioneers of Free Verse (New Style Poetry) in the Persian language.
Mohammad-Taqi Bahar (10 December 1886 in Mashhad – 22 April 1951 in Tehran), widely known as Malek osh-Sho'ara and Malek osh-Sho'ara Bahar ("poet laureate," literally: the king of poets), was a renowned Iranian poet, scholar, politician, journalist, historian and Professor of Literature. Although he was a 20th-century poet, his poems are fairly traditional and strongly nationalistic in character. Bahar was father of prominent Iranist, linguist, mythologist and Persian historian Mehrdad Bahar.
Jābir ibn Ḥayyan
Jābir ibn Ḥayyan (died c. 806−816) is the supposed author of an enormous number and variety of works in Arabic often called the Jabirian corpus. The scope of the corpus is vast and diverse covering a wide range of topics, including alchemy, cosmology, numerology, astrology, medicine, magic, mysticism, and philosophy. Popularly known as the father of chemistry, Jabir's works contain the oldest known systematic classification of chemical substances, and the oldest known instructions for deriving an inorganic compound (Sal ammoniac or ammonium chloride) from organic substances (such as plants, blood, and hair) by chemical means. Jabir ibn Hayyan, was a prominent polymath, a chemist and alchemist, astronomer and astrologer, engineer, geographer, philosopher, physicist, and pharmacist and physician.
Anousheh Ansari Iranian-American engineer, co-founder and chairman of Prodea Systems, co-founder and CEO of Telecom Technologies, Inc. (TTI), sponsor of the Ansari X Prize.
Rasoul Khadem, Wrestling coach
Rasoul Khadem Azghadi (born March 18, 1972) is a former Iranian wrestler who has won a Bronze medal in the 1992 Summer Olympics and a gold medal in the 1996 Summer Olympics. He was also the 1994 and 1995 world champion and the 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 and 1996 Asian champion. He was trained by his father Mohammad Khadem, and he is the brother of Amir Reza Khadem.
Reza Ghoochannejhad Nournia (born 20 September 1987) is a professional footballer who plays for Dutch side PEC Zwolle as a forward. He is also known as Gucci in Belgium and Netherlands, having played for Dutch national youth teams and the Iranian national team.
Mitra Hajjar (born February 4, 1977) is an Iranian actress. She is the winner, with an additional two nominations, for Best Actress in the Fajr International Film Festival. Her first notable role was in Born under Libra (1999).
Reza Attaran (born 10 May 1968) is an Iranian actor and director. He has played in both films and television shows. Attaran won the Best Actor award at the 2008 Gol Aga Comedy Film Festival. He also won Crystal Simorgh for the best actor in the 32nd Fajr International Film Festival in 2014.
Hamed Behdad (born 17 November 1973) is an Iranian actor and singer. A popular actor in Iran, he has won the Golden Goblet for Best Actor in 2019 Shanghai International Film Festival for his role in Castle of Dreams. Hamed Behdad for the first time won Crystal Simorgh for Crime movie in 2011.
Borzou Arjmand is an actor, known for Ruz-e-sevom (2007), Ghahveye Talkh (2010) and The Wooden Bridge.
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