Shiraz is the birthplace of the ancient Persian civilization. Blessed with a moderate climate and easy-going people, it’s also the city of poets, literature, and Persian gardens. Shiraz is located in the southwest of Iran and it is home to roughly 2,000,000 inhabitants and the fifth most populous city of Iran.
It is regarded as one of the oldest cities of ancient Persia, more than 4000 years old and lies in Fars Province.
In the 13th century Shiraz became a leading center of the arts and letters due to the encouragement of its ruler and the presence of many Persian scholars and artists. It was the capital of Persia during the Zand dynasty from 1750 until 1800.
Traditional foods play a major role in attracting tourists to Shiraz because of usage of particular ingredients and food preparation methods. If you visit Shiraz don't forget to taste its special local dishes. Here it is some popular and delicious dishes of Shiraz that you will not find elsewhere!
Kalam polo (Cabbage Rice)
Give this Shirazi dish a try.It is mixture of cabbage and rice with Various fresh herbs that flavor this amazing dish such as dill , tarragon, parsley, cilantro, chives, basil. It is served with meatballs which is called pigeon head among Shirazi people, named for their size.
Do Piazeh Aloo
Other famous foods of Shiraz that easily cook is Do Piazeh Aloo. This food contains tomato, potato, fried onion, tomato paste, and spices. Boiled and sliced potatoes are combined with tomato paste and fried onion as well as some spices.
Ash-e-Sabzi (vegetable soup)
Shiraz is renowned for its Ash and in this city, you can find many food shops that sell different kinds of Ash. It’s interesting to know that Shiraz people eat Ash for breakfast.
Ash-e-Mast (yogurt Ash or soup)
No body believes that Ashes could be prepared by yogurt but yogurt Ash is one the most popular iranian soups. It is made on yogurt, some good smell vegetables such as dill, tarragon as well as Cotyledon.
Shekar Polo (Sugar with rice)
This food is the most favorite one for ceremonies and parties which is mostly served with yellow spliy peas stew. It is made by Persian rice, Almond, saffron, Pistachio, tiny layers of orang cocked with sugar and water (a kind of syrup made by orange peel).
For those of you who love sweet, tart and savory mixed together this ash is highly recommended.Ingredients are pomegranate,rice, split peas,herbs,pino, onion and minced meat or meatballs. This hearty ash mostly served in yalda's night(a famous iranian festival) or mostly in cold seasons.
Ghanbar polo is a kind of sweet and sour foods of shiraz. This luxurious food is servered with Salad Shirazi . What you need to prepare Ghanbar polo are rice, mincemeat, Walnut, Raisins, Pomegranate paste, onion, chickpea flour, salt and pepper, oil and turmeric.
This food is another traditional food of Shiraz which they make it with Carrot, salt and pepper, lentils, cabbage and some vegetables like dill, Basil, Tarragon and Parsley. All these ingredients should be combined with Persian rice. It is greatly nutritious.
It is a healthy food with salivating taste which is usually served with Salad Shirazi. Rob polo is made of Persian rice, pomegranate paste (kind of sauce), walnuts, raisins and sugar. You will be hooked with this amazing food!
Koofte hulu is a very famous shirazian food. Hulu refers to peach, however no peach is used in koofte hulu recipe. Actually it is a kind of big ball of mixed meat and carrot filled with walnut, saffron, prune and raisin. One meatball has the same size with a peach that's why it is named koofte hulu.
This kind of Salad is highly popular among Iranians that is famous for its tiny slices of vegetables. It is made of cucumber, tomato, and onion which should be so tiny and are mixed by dried mint, salt, pepper and verjuice.
Shirazian bowl halva
A kind of sweet dense confection or paste that is called shirazian bowl halva. The ingredients are Rice flour sugar rosewater water saffron vegetable oil and solid oil.
It is a traditional Shirazian cold dessert similar to sorbet. You could find this dessert in most cities of Iran but the Shirazian one has no equal! It consists of thin vermicelli-sized noodles made from starch in a semi-frozen syrup containing sugar and rose water. This dessert is often served with lime juice and rosewater.
Kuluche and Masghati
These are kind of muffin or pie and persian Halva. Ingredients are white flour, rice flour, vegetable oil and solid oil,egg water, sugar, starch, rosewater, pistacho, almond and saffron.
Shirazi yukhe bread
It is one of the Shiraz eatable sweets. It is a kind of traditional pastry made of thin dough. It is made by egg, water, flour, salt, almond and cardamom powder, sugar powder and yeast.
The Nasir-al-Molk mosque is one of the most beautiful religious buildings in Shiraz. its prayer hall is tastefully decorated with colorful stained glasses. In the morning when the sunlight shines through the glasses it reflects inside the chamber with the mixture of colors. It is stunningly amazing.
Persepolis (The glory of the King)
Persepolis was build by Darius the great around 518 B.C as a place for official audiences and special ceremonies. Enjoy a 2 hours journey to the world of ancient Persia, to the art and architecture of Persians and blend of styles and influences.
A visit to this bazaar may provide one not only with souvenirs, but rather with a true insight into the Iranian way of life. It is the finest and one of the most famous bazaars of Iran which is located in the center of shiraz.
Mausoleum of hafiz (the most inspirational Persian poet)
tomb of hafiz is like a paradise, while you enter this heaven you could enjoy relaxing vibe as well as smell of fragrant flowers. Enjoy listening to the murmur of hafiz poetries and recite of them by ordinary people. This beautiful garden (which is called Musalla garden) enjoys two memorial structures with an amazing architecture. One of them is the eight-columned marble tomb of hafiz with a copper dome and the other is a long verandah.
Shiraz is famed for its cultivation of fine gardens, and Eram is arguably the model par excellence. Eram falls within Shiraz University’s botanical gardens, and is replete with cypress trees, trimmed hedges, and rosebushes. At its centre is a small pool and a splendid Qajar-era palace, though it is closed to the public. The garden is located just north of the Khoshk River, opposite the university.
Shah-e cheragh mausoleum
The Shah-e Cheragh (‘King of Light’) mausoleum is the picturesque resting place of two of the martyred brothers of Ali Reza, the 8th Shia Imam. Although killed in the 9th century, the present-day burial site has been considerably developed since the Qajar era. The central courtyard has a fountain at its centre, and the shrine features characteristically Iranian, intricate blue tile work and a dazzling mirrored interior, making it one of the prettiest mosques in Shiraz.
Karim khan citadel
Located centrally, the citadel (or arg in Persian) was built in the 18th century by the founder of the Zand dynasty, Karim Khan. Having made Shiraz his capital, the citadel was one of Karim Khan’s many ambitious construction projects in the city. Lofty and rectangular, the fortress features four circular towers (which were historically used as prisons), and is more unusual on the inside than the outside. Once inside, you can appreciate the shade of the many citrus trees and the gentle trickling of the central pool, before exploring the well-put-together museum of the Zand period.
It is located high on a cliff and consists of four rock tombs. They are believed to belong to Darius I, Darius II, Artaxerxes and Xerxes I. Above the openings to the funeral chambers are reliefs which are similar to those in Persepolis, with kings standing on thrones. The seven Sassanian stone reliefs which are depicted show scenes of royal ceremonies and imperial conquests. On the opposite side of the cliff is Bun Khanak, which is now thought to have been a treasury, though it was once believed to have been an Achaemenid fire temple. The walls are inscribed with scenes of Sassanian victories.
The final stop on your day-trip outside the city should be Pasargadae, an Achaemenid political centre that predates Persepolis. Another 50 kilometres north of its more famous successor, it’s not the most convenient of destinations, but the striking solemnity of Cyrus the Great’s ancient tomb, now surrounded by inhospitably harsh terrain, justifies the effort. The founder of the Achaemenid Empire, his isolated tomb is built upon a broad-stepped base, and was allegedly visited by Alexander the Great himself, after he conquered Persepolis.
The Shah Cheragh mosque itself has tombs and a museum containing several ancient copies of the Quran.(Non-Muslim guests will be matched up with an English-speaking guide on arrival, and women will be given a chādor (cloak). The shrines themselves are also restricted for non-Muslims. There’s no charge for visiting.) Elsewhere, this former Iranian capital has gorgeous gardens and ornate palaces and pavilions. Masjed-e Nasir Al Molk (also known as the Pink Mosque) has rosy tiles and lovely stained glass that give it a dreamlike quality, especially if you visit when the sun streams through in the morning.There are also Museums and teahouses, while the famous ruins of Persepolis are only 60km (37mi) away. Darius the Great’s ambitious city was burnt by fire and buried by sand, but its monuments and friezes are still astounding: they speak of ambition and power, but also of the careful craftsmanship of days long past.
Shiraz climate enjoys distinct seasons and is regarded as a hot semi-arid climate. Summers are hot with a July average high of 38.8 °C (101.8 °F). Winters are cool with average low temperatures below freezing in December and January. Around 300 mm (12 in) of rain falls each year almost entirely in the winter months.
Handicrafts are the most precious souvenirs of Shiraz. These crafts are contained as Shirazian weaving for instance: Kilim, Carpet, Rug, Gabbeh. Another valuable crafts are Inlay, Enamel Working.
Khatamkari or inlaid working is a kind of wood work and a Persian art of marquetry. Bone, metal specifically copper and piece of wood to create decorative items. It’s a great gift or souvenir for those you love and definitely for yourself. You could find the best quality one in Shiraz, of which is originated in this city.
Dried orange blossom or Aurantium, Verjuice, lime juice, Distillates or Herbal drinks are considered as other delicious souvenirs of city of romance.
Persian Gulf Shopping Center
Zaytoon Shopping Center
Elahieh Shopping Center
Hafez shopping mall
Aftab Fars Shopping Mall
Setareh Fars Complex
Sina Shopping Center
Get your souvenirs from Vakil Bazaar that is Shiraz’s main market place and home to hundreds of shops and stalls. This wonderfully photogenic bazaar is the place for buying rugs, spices, jewellery, and household goods and whatever comes to your mind. Apart from shopping, you could walk across teahouses, courtyards, caravanserais, and the traditional bathhouse and enjoy your time.
Saraye Moshir Bazaar
At the end of Vakil Bazaar there is another traditional bazaar which is a real treasure not only for its architecture also for precious stuffs that are sold there. Saraye Moshir that is hub of famous and valuable shirazian handicrafts like Inlay, Mosaics, Jewellery and etc.
A hugely influential poet, Hafez went on to inspire generations of new poets both in Iran and in the wider world, including Goethe, who wrote his poetry collection the West-östlicher Diwan as a tribute to Hafez and his style. Hafez is known for his unique blend of the mystical and the human, blending representations of both divine and romantic love in verses filled with elaborate metaphors and vivid imagery which convey multiple meanings. Today, his marble tomb stands underneath a beautifully tiled pavilion in the Musalla Gardens in Shiraz and is one of the city’s greatest tourist attractions, with thousands of fans and admirers coming to pay their respects.
Abū-Muhammad Muslih al-Dīn bin Abdallāh Shīrāzī, better known by his pen name Saadi, also known as Saadi of Shiraz, was a major Persian poet and prose writer of the medieval period. He is recognized for the quality of his writings and for the depth of his social and moral thoughts.
Qotb Al-Din shirazi
He was a 13th-century Iranian polymath and poet who made contributions to astronomy, mathematics, medicine, physics, music theory, philosophy and Sufism
Mirza Ali-Asghar Khan Hekmat-e Shirazi (16 June 1892 – 25 August 1980) was an Iranian politician, diplomat and author who served as the Iranian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Justice, and Minister of Culture under the government of Reza Shah and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shahs of Iran. Hekmat was an Iranian ambassador to India and wrote multiple books about Indian history and culture. After the Islamic revolution in Iran, his books and works were ignored and he was labelled as a Freemason, but one of his books, Persian Inscriptions on Indian Monuments, was recently reprinted and introduced to Iranians
Mohammad Namazi was the founder of Namazi Hospital, which he founded in 1955 in Shiraz, Iran. He was born in Shiraz, in 1896. He was a wealthy person, and he lived in USA for many years. He died in 1973.
Ebrahim Golestan (born October 19, 1922 in Shiraz, Iran) is an Iranian filmmaker and literary figure with a career spanning half a century.
Ali Asghar Khodadoust
Ali Asghar Khodadoust (27 October 1935 - 10 March 2018) was an Iranian eye surgeon specializing in corneal transplantation, in whose honor the Khodadoust rejection line is named. He worked at different eye clinics in the U.S. like the Wilmer Eye Institute at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and at the Connecticut Ophthalmology Center in New Haven. His medical reputation was the result of his extensive studies on corneal diseases and transplantation biology.
Abbaas Dowraan (October 22, 1950 in Shiraz – July 21, 1982 in Baghdad) was an acclaimed fighter pilot and is regarded as a national hero of Iran.General Doran piloted an F-4 Phantom II in the Imperial Iranian Air Force and the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force. He died in action during the Iran–Iraq War.
Mulla Sadra Shirazi
Ṣadr ad-Dīn Muḥammad Shīrāzī, also called Mullā Ṣadrā was a Persian Twelver Shi'i Islamic mystic, philosopher, theologian, and ‘Ālim who led the Iranian cultural renaissance in the 17th century. According to Oliver Leaman, Mulla Sadra is arguably the single most important and influential philosopher in the Muslim world in the last four hundred years
Simin Dāneshvar(28 April 1921 – 8 March 2012) was an Iranian academic, novelist, fiction writer and translator. She was largely regarded as the first major Iranian woman novelist. Her books dealt with the lives of ordinary Iranians, especially those of women, especially through the lens of recent political and social in Iran at the time. Daneshvar had a number of firsts to her credit; in 1948, her collection of Persian short stories was the first by an Iranian woman to be published. The first novel by an Iranian woman was her Savushun ("Mourners of Siyâvash", also known as A Persian Requiem,1966), which went on to become a bestseller. Daneshvar's Playhouse, a collection of five stories and two autobiographical pieces, is the first volume of translated stories by an Iranian woman author. Being the wife of the famous iran writer Jalal al-Ahmad she had a profound influence on his writing, she wrote the book "the Dawn of Jalal" in memory of her husband. Daneshvar was also a renowned translator, a few of her translations were "The Cherry Orchard" by Anton Chekhov and "The Scarlet Letter" by Nathaniel Hawthorne. Her last book is currently lost and was supposed to be the last book of her trilogy which started with "the lost island". Al-Ahmad and Daneshvar never had a child.
Sibawayh ( Sībawayhi or Sībawayh; c. 760–796)
He was a Persian leading grammarian of Basra and author of the earliest book on Arabic grammar and linguistics. His famous unnamed work, referred to as Al-Kitāb, or "The Book", is a five-volume seminal discussion of the Arabic language
Hossein Behzad (1894 – 13 October 1968) was a prominent Iranian painter. His early work was in the styles of the old masters of Persian painting of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, hoping to save Persian miniature painting from oblivion.
Mehdi Faghih is an actor who was born in 1945 in Shiraz, Iran. He started acting in “Tabestan 58” movie by Mojtaba Raei. From his notable activities, “Hoor o Atash” by Azizallah Hamidnezhad and “Breakfast for Two” directed by Mehdi Sabbaghzadeh can be named.
Amin Tarokh (born August 11, 1953 ) is an Iranian actor who has starred in numerous cinema and television shows. He also teaches acting.He opened the first acting school in 1994,"The Open Workshop of Acting". His graduates have won many awards. In 2000, he connected his school to other international acting schools, and he was invited to Australia to teach in the Filinder's Drama center. There he taught for two years. He has been a member of the judging council in numerous festivals, and also a member of the House of Cinema. He has been invited to many festivals in other countries such as Germany. As of 1995, he is considered one of the influential figures in reviving Theatrical art in Iran.
Gohar Kheirandish , is an Iranian actress and was born in 1954. While studying and working in Tehran, Kheirandish started working in television. Her first film, Days of Waiting, was directed by Asghar Hashemi. She the appeared in Lady, directed by Dariush Mehrjoyi. She is also lecturer and radio broadcaster
Mahmoud pak Niat
Mahmoud Pak Niat Is an Iranian actor. He was born in 1952. He has had leading roles in the films Deserted Station and Kingdom of Solomon and the television series Prophet Joseph (Yousofe Payambar).
Iranian Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance has awarded Iran's High Distinction in Art to Pakniyyat.
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