Golestan Palace is undoubtedly one of the most famous monuments in Tehran. This masterpiece is the only world-registered work of the capital. Here it is an informative article about Golestan Palace which is written by Persiana Travel and Tourism Agency. Stay with us.
Introduction of Golestan Palace
Golestan Palace is one of the most famous sights of Tehran province in the capital, which dates back to decades before the Qajar era and has more than 440 years of history. At present, the area of Golestan Palace reaches 4.5 hectares, which is one tenth of its initial area. Golestan Palace was the residence of kings such as Agha Mohammad Khan, Fath Ali Shah, Nasser al-Din Shah, Muzaffar al-Din Shah and Ahmad Shah Qajar. This palace, with its antiquity, is not only represents an important part of the art history of Iran, but also due to the extremely effective events that took place in it, or in some way related to it. Golestan Palace has become the most important part of Iranian history because of its an irreplaceable collection and living documents.
Golestan Palace includes a collection of historical monuments in Tehran province, which was built at different times. In terms of architecture and the value of its artistic and historical works, Golestan Palace is one of the most important historical monuments in the country, which witnesses the presence of domestic and foreign tourists throughout the year. Golestan Palace consists of different sections such as Marble Throne Porch, Salam Hall, Mirror Hall, Dining Hall, Karimkhani Privacy, Berlian Hall, Badgir Mansion, Shams Al-Amara Palace, Diamond Hall and Abyaz Palace.
Marble throne porch and Karimkhani privacy belong to the era of Karim Khan Zand, which are the oldest buildings in the Golestan Palace. Apart from the above-mentioned buildings, Golestan Cultural and Historical Palace has different sections such as manuscript library, video document center, manuscript document center, technical office, international affairs, printed library, cultural affairs, introduction affairs, children and adolescent’s unit.There are several famous places around Golestan Palace, including Tehran Bazaar, Haj Ali Darvish Coffee House, Sabzeh Maidan, Naser Khosrow Street, Sarai Roshan, Marvi Alley and Dar al-Fonun. After visiting Golestan Palace you enjoy your trip in these places.
History of Golestan Palace
According to documents as well as the travelogue of Pietro Delvalle, the history of Golestan Palace is attributed to the time of Shah Abbas Safavid; However, the most important historical period of this palace is related to the era of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar. After defeating Lotfali Khan Zand, he was crowned in 1210 AH and chose Tehran as his capital, which gave double importance to the royal citadel of Golestan.
Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar was also crowned in Golestan Palace and was the first king of Iran to travel to Europe. This caused Golestan Palace to undergo many changes and take a different shape under the influence of European architecture. During the Qajar period, Golestan Palace was used as a place for ruling and royal residence, as well as for training artists and architects, therefore Golestan Palace was an important center for the production of art in the 19th century.
During the reign of Muzaffar al-Din Shah, Mohammad Ali Shah and Ahmad Shah Qajar, no special changes took place in Golestan Palace; But the importance of this period is due to important historical events such as the Constitutional Revolution and its effects. Golestan Palace also underwent some changes in the first and second Pahlavi eras. So, Golestan Palace can be considered to be more than four centuries old, which is still considered as one of the unique historical collections of Iran, and due to the occurrence of important events in it, it is a valuable document of the most important part of Iranian history. Golestan Palace is now like a heterogeneous member in the disintegrated architecture of Tehran, which is surrounded by new constructions.
Golestan Palace consists of a historical complex that includes several royal palaces and halls in one garden. The architecture of this complex began with Iranian architecture and then the relations with European countries led to changes based on neoclassical European architecture. For this reason, today we see a combination of Iranian and European architectural style which mesmerize each and every viewer. You can see one of the best examples of tiling in Golestan Palace, which has various themes such as mythology, hunting and hunting grounds, feasts, romance, battles, landscapes, historical monuments, kings, courtiers and government, religious and other agents. The effect of expanding contact with the Western world and supporting art is also evident in these tiles.
Exponential volume, Enlightenment shadows, and naturalism, which are the hallmarks of Western painting, have been used alongside traditional Iranian illustrations. Not only exterior parts of Golestan Palace amaze you with its beautiful tiles but also the interior parts of it will mesmerize you. when you enter the Golestan Palace, the spectacular mirrors will hold the attention of you, especially in the Hall of Mirrors, which has been designed and decorated for more than seven years.
Gilded ornaments on the stone are another part of the charm of Shams al-Amara and the marble throne, which was popular during the Qajar period. In these decorations, metal sheets have been used, which shows the skill of goldsmith artists of that time in Golestan Palace. The use of gold in the architectural decorations of Golestan Palace and considering its durability, doubles the value of this collection. In the following, we will introduce different parts of Golestan Palace.
The beauty of this palace and the artistic splendor and elegance used in it, please the eyes of every spectator. The Golestan Palace complex includes several sections and a spectacular mansion. Here we name a few of them:
- Golestan Palace yard: Golestan Palace, in addition to being attractive in its buildings and mansions, has a very beautiful yard with pleasing atmosphere. The pool and its fountains, the sound of birds’ wings and their unique dancing among the trees, the spectacular tiles of the yard are all among the beauties of Golestan Palace yard. This is a popular subject for photographers who capture every corner of the palace with their cameras.
- Shamsolemareh of Golestan Palace: Among the buildings of the palace of Golestan, Shamsolemareh is like a diamond. This beautiful, spectacular and glorious mansion was once a symbol of Tehran and is still introduced as a symbol of old Tehran with its tall and beautiful stature.
- Marble throne Golestan Palace: The title of the oldest part of the palace is attributed to the marble porch or porch of the Dar al-Amara (court). This section, which dates back to the time of Karim Khan Zand, has been the meeting place of kings and the levee in various ceremonies.
- Mirror Hall of Golestan Palace: At first, this part was the place of display of the peacock throne and Kiani crown, which was a reminder of the glory of kings. But the importance of this hall is due to the oil painting of Mirza Mohammad Khan Kamal al-Molk Ghaffari, who painted the image of the hall with an artist.
- Windbreak mansion of Golestan Palace: It is no exaggeration to say that the most beautiful mansion in Golestan Palace is the windbreak mansion with its marvelous paintings, goldsmithing, mirror work, bedding, inlay and marble, beautiful attics and spectacular vestibules
Royal glory of Golestan Palace
The magnificent and spectacular Palace of Golestan has seen many kings. Among the kings of Iran, Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, Fath Ali Shah, Mohammad Shah Qajar, Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar, Muzaffar al-Din Shah Qajar, Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar and Ahmad Shah Qajar all of whom resided there. The spectacular Golestan Palace is a treasure trove of memories and events of Iranian history that it located in the heart of the capital. The colorful tiled walls of the palace surprise you so much that you cannot move for a few minutes.
Beautiful traditional and Iranian designs, unique patterns and colors, and its unique elegance and artistry will give you the best moments in Golestan Palace. Now it is enough to capture its charms and beauties forever with a camera. Of course, of all the royal splendor, only a few buildings and mansions remain in Golestan Palace. The cozy and calm environment of Golestan Palace gives good feeling to sit for a few minutes and get rid of the hustle and bustle of Tehran’s busy streets.
Golestan Palace is the only world-registered monument in Tehran. It has thirteen museums and visiting it would be so agreeable. In Golestan Palace you can close your eyes, fill your lungs with fresh air and listen to the birds chirping among the garden trees. Don’t miss Tehran’s itinerary of Persiana Travel and Tourism Agency, if you are interested in visiting this astonishing place.